Video Snippets From Jefferson County History

By Willis, Sep 15, 2016 | |
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  1. Willis
    By Willis, Sep 15, 2016 | |
    Welcome to one of the most extensive history presentations ever assembled for our county of Jefferson, West Virginia. The presentation, which presently consists of 190 YouTube film shorts and links to 2 websites, is a labor of love by Jim Surkamp. To describe Jim as an ardent lover of history would be an understatement of the greatest magnitude.

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    In Jim Surkamp's own words:

    Our County's Stories in 1000 minutes via YouTube





    Fellow Jefferson Countians and others - I would like to make available to you these 192 stories of Jefferson County totaling 1000 minutes

    The stories, ranging from a quarter of a billion years ago, when the world was exploding and boiling, to when Patsy Cline had her first big recording date in Nashville in the late 1950's, were all stories I researched, wrote and produced either on my own, in conjunction with the Jefferson County Oral and Visual Historical Association and Bill Theriault or the now defunct cable company, Adelphia ( I have received permission from Comcast, who bought Adelphia, to share these videos).

    Helping were the extraordinary local actors Bill Caldwell, Ardyth Gilbertson, Hubert Rolling, Margie Didden, among others; and exceptional, generally local, musicians Seth Austen(frame drum, guitars, banjo, mandolin, synthesizer), Nick Blanton(hammered dulcimer), Ralph Gordon(bass), Dave Hellye(harmonica), Kevin Williams(synthesizer) and the late Freyda Epstein(violin).

    A thanks to the great musical group called Nightengale.

    A huge thanks to Shepherd University's library and staff that has such excellent, endlessly used resources.

    We have a dazzling county with a history that makes it arguably the most historical county in America, the county that inspired that l'l ol' song, Country Roads(Blue Ridge Mountains and the Shenandoah river) the only county in West Virginia with those features is our County).

    I'm very glad to share them. When I drive down any County Country road I see these events in my imagination.

    Enjoy

    Jim Surkamp


    Our Story
    BEFORE 1700 IN JEFFERSON COUNTY'S REGION:


    1) Pre-History - Story of colliding continents and mile-high glaciers in Pennsylvania

    The Shenandoah River - "daughter of the stars" - her story:
    2) Oh Shenandoah! 1
    3) Oh Shenandoah! - 2
    4) Early Tribal Life - 1
    5) Early Tribal Life - 2
    6) Explorer John Lederer wrote down how Native Americans lived in Virginia before the 18th century


    THE 18th CENTURY IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    Massive migration of the Scot-Irish prompted Lord Fairfax to affirm property titles to his seven million acres - 1700s:

    7) Scot-Irish - 1
    8) Scot-Irish - 2

    Harpers Ferry's first settler was a "squatter" - 1730s:
    9) Peter Stephens - 1

    10) Peter Stephens - 2
    11) Peter Stephens - 3


    George Washington Survey Diary - He surveyed the southern part of the County entering the County at Long Marsh in Kabletown. Five Washington brothers bought some 10,000 acres of the land he surveyed - March, 1747:
    12) Washington's Diary - 1

    13) Washington's Diary - 2

    14) Peter Burr House


    15) George Washington's Masonic Cave - Used for another 180 years - 1750 - 20th century

    Adam Stephen - Revolutionary War general, physician, Washington executive officer for over twenty years, founder of Martinsburg, delegate to Virginia Constitutional Convention - 1750 - 1800.
    16) Adam Stephen - Credit - 1

    17) Adam Stephen - Before Virginia - 2
    18) Adam Stephen - Frontier with GW - 3
    19) Adam Stephen - Fort Duquesne fiasco - 4
    20) Adam Stephen - Lord Dunmore's War Revolution coming - 5
    21) Adam Stephen - 6
    22) Adam Stephen - Adam Stephen falls from being major general to being court martialed - a review which he imprudently demanded himself. - 7
    23) Adam Stephen - Remarks at the Virginia Constitutional Convention - The Constitution was ratified by ten votes or the decisions of five of the delegates. - 8
    24) Adam Stephen - 9


    Shepherdstown - The Beeline March to Cambridge - Two companies of Virginians, one leaving from near Morgans Grove, marched 600 miles in 25 days, to join the Continental Army - July-August, 1775.


    25) Beeline - 1
    26) Beeline - 2


    27) Thomas Jefferson at Harpers Ferry - His account from his "Notes on Virginia" - 1783

    28) George Washington visits buddies at Happy Retreat - 1784

    The Shindlers of Shepherdstown - These ancestors of Actress Mary Tyler Moore came to Shepherdstown around 1790 and remained with descendants for over a hundred or so years. - 1790-1900.

    29) The Coppersmith Shindlers - 1
    30) The Coppersmith Shindlers - 2


    CIVIL WAR STORIES IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    31) Harpers Ferry - 1861: Stonewall Jackson's Train Trick

    Antietam/Sharpsburg - 1862: Bloodiest day in American history leaving 19,000 killed or wounded on 3/4's of sq. mile of land with more losses elsewhere - preserving the "last best hope of earth."

    32) Antietam - 1: Northbound
    33) Antietam - 2: Lost Order 191
    34) Antietam - 3: Cornfield
    35) Antietam - 4: Sunken Lane
    36) Antietam - 5: John Gordon
    37) Antietam - 6: "The End In Sight"
    38) Antietam - 7: McClellan Stalls
    39) Antietam - 8: Last Best Hope
    Shepherdstown - 1862: About a thousand mostly women, children, and servants had to find ways to care for several thousand gravely wounded and mostly Confederate soldiers from the battle at Antietam that could be loudly heard from Shepherdstown. "It seems to me now that the roar of the day began with the light. . ."

    40) Antietam Wounded - 1
    41) Antietam Wounded - 2
    42) Antietam Wounded - 3
    43) Antietam Wounded - 4
    44) Antietam Wounded - 5
    45) Botelers Ford Fight - 1862

    The Bower - JEB Stuart's 400 men encamped at The Bower for a month after the battle of Antietam, with stories of romance and sudden absences to go on raids - 1862:

    46) The Bower Month - 1862
    47) Heros Von Borcke Remembers The Brief Shining Moment - 1862
    48) JEB Stuart's Silver Spurs - 1862 - 1
    49) JEB Stuart's Silver Spurs - 1862 - 2
    50) Sheridan's Ride - 1864 - 1
    51) Sheridan's Ride - 1864 - 2
    52) Shepherdstown - Fountain Rock Torched - summer, 1864
    53) Shepherdstown - Bedford Torched, Henrietta Bedinger Lee's famous cursing letter to Gen. David Hunter - summer, 1864
    54) Bedford No More - Mrs Lee's moving words on losing Bedford's site - 1880
    55) Cavalry battle down Kearneysville Pike (Route 480) - Thousands of cavalrymen fought the length of this road - late summer, 1864
    56) Duffields/Shepherdstown - The Money Tree Gold Theft - 1864
    57) Kearneysville - Mosby's Greenback Raid - fall, 1864


    PEOPLE OF THE CIVIL WAR IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    58) Charles Town - John Augustine Washington - The last family member to own Mount Vernon who lived every summer in Jefferson County, was killed by a sniper's bullet while serving as Gen. Robert E. Lee's chief-of-staff. - 1861.

    Shepherdstown - Henrietta Bedinger Lee (See "Bedford")

    59) Shepherdstown - John Wesley Culp - Raised at Culp's Hill, Killed at Culp's Hill - 1863:

    60) Molers Crossroads - William L. Reinhart - Antietam in 1862, his daughter survived till the 1990s.

    61) Molers Crossroads - George Caton - Tough young soldier and family man

    Charles - John Yates Beall - a young fabulously wealthy son of Virginia who became, through his actions, "the man Lincoln had to hang." Tells of the friendship between Beall, Edwin Grey Lee and Daniel Bedinger Lucas, a hunchback and future judge and author. (Beall's estate, Walnut Grove, was located near Flowing Springs Road and Country Club Road; most of the area lands which are visible he owned).
    62) John Yates Beall - 1
    63) John Yates Beall - 2
    64) John Yates Beall - 3
    65) John Yates Beall - 4
    66) John Yates Beall - 5
    67) John Yates Beall - 6

    19th CENTURY JEFFERSON COUNTY (Minus Other Categories):

    68) John Brown's Smooch That Didn't Happen - Just before he was hanged John Brown was said to have kissed a black infant as written by poet John Greenleaf Whittier. - 1859

    The Harpers Ferry Flood - 1870:
    69) Flood - 1
    70) Flood - 2

    Charles Town - The Courthouse - 1800s to now:
    71) Courthouse - 1
    72) Courthouse - 2
    73) Courthouse - 3


    74) First Rural Free Delivery in the United States starts here - 1890s

    20th CENTURY JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    75) Shepherdstown - September, 1921 - 1
    76) Shepherdstown - 1921 - 2
    77) Shepherdstown - 1921 - 3
    78) Shepherdstown - 1921 - 4

    Charles Town - Coal Miners Trial - 1921:
    (Excerpted from Barbara Kopple's documentary "Out of Darkness", available for purchase from the United Mine Workers organization)

    79) Out of Darkness - excerpt 1
    80) Out of Darkness - excerpt 2

    Shepherdstown - The Railroad's Magic and Its Master, Mr. Waddy, 1920s - 1950s:

    81) The Waddys - 1]
    82) The Waddys - 2
    83) The Waddys - 3
    84) The Waddys - 4
    85) The Worst Drought - 1930 - 1
    86) The Worst Drought - 1930 - 2

    Childrens Haven - Mom and Pop Wheeler made many young lives shine (one of my favorites) - 1940-1959:
    87) Childrens Haven - 1
    88) Childrens Haven - 2
    89) Childrens Haven - 3
    90) Childrens Haven - 4
    91) Charles Town - Citizens and Independent Fire Companies - 1941

    92) Charles Town Names - 1
    93) Charles Town Names - 2

    Charles Town - 1941: Original film by the Lions
    Club and Tim Sinn. Researched and scripted later by Jim Surkamp with help from residents who identified over 500 people in the film.

    94) Charles Town - 1941 - Introduction
    95) Charles Town - 1
    96) Charles Town - 2]
    97) Charles Town - 3
    98) Charles Town - 4
    99) Charles Town - 5
    100) Charles Town - 6
    101) Charles Town - 7
    102) Charles Town - 8
    103) Charles Town - 9
    104) Charles Town - 10
    105) Charles Town - 11
    106) Charles Town - 12
    107) Charles Town - 13

    108) Shepherdstown - 1986-1987 - 1
    109) Shepherdstown - 2
    110) Shepherdstown - 2a
    111) Shepherdstown - 2b
    112) Shepherdstown - 3
    113) Shepherdstown - 4
    Shepherdstown - 5 ____
    114) Shepherdstown - 6
    115) Shepherdstown - 7

    PEOPLE IN 20th CENTURY JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    116) Shepherdstown - Helen Hunter - Shepherd Freshman Writes Home - 1910

    Charles Town - John Peale Bishop greatly influenced F.Scott Fitzgerald to become a writer as Princeton undergrads - 1913:
    117) Bishop - 1
    118) Bishop - 2
    119) Charles Town - Roy Hooe - Lindbergh's Favorite Mechanic

    120) Shepherdstown - Artist Robin Young Interprets Old Photos - 1990s

    INDUSTRY, SKILLS, AGRICULTURE IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    We Salute The Hog - The nation grew up on corn and hog products mostly.
    121) Hog Homage - 1
    122) Hog Homage - 2

    123) Making Apple Cider - timeless

    124) History of Haying - Swing That Scythe - 1700s to now

    125) Frontier Iron-Making

    126) Shepherdstown - Thomas Shepherd Mill and the art of milling - 1734

    Shepherdstown - James Rumsey - Steam Inventor - Called "the most brilliant and original mechanical genius I have ever seen" by Thomas Jefferson - late 18th century:
    127) Rumsey - 1
    128) Rumsey - 2
    129) Rumsey - 3
    130) Re-Building the Rumsey Steamboat in the 1980s

    131) Jefferson County Agriculture - 1890s

    The Great Apple Boomtimes - 1870s-1940s:
    132) Apples - 1
    133) Apples - 2

    AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    134) West African Origins of Southern Cooking

    Charles Town - 1810-1820:
    Martin Delany learns to read with a primer from a peddler.
    135) Delany Learning - 1
    136) Delany Learning - 2
    Harpers Ferry - 1859:
    Raider Osborne Anderson escapes Harpers Ferry and writes about it.
    137) Osborne Anderson - 1]
    138) Osborne Anderson - 2

    Harpers Ferry - 1906:
    The NAACP is launched by W.E.B. DuBois.
    139) NAACP - 1
    140) NAACP - 2
    Charles Town - 1960s:
    141) (Written accounts of graduates)

    PEOPLE IN AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    Charles Town:
    Big website on Delany

    Martin Delany was a Harvard-educated physician, explorer who led his own scientific expedition to Africa; co-editor of The North Star newspaper; novelist; political theorist, judge in South Carolina, the first black field officer in the U.S. Army and described by Abraham Lincoln in February, 1865 after meeting him as " an extraordinary and intelligent black man."
    142) Martin Delany - Visionary - 1
    143) Martin Delany - To Africa - 2
    144) Martin Delany - Defiance - 3
    145) Martin Delany - Wartime - 4
    146) Martin Delany - Meets Lincoln - 5
    147) Martin Delany - Maj. Delany - 6
    148) Martin Delany - Post-War - 7
    149) Martin Delany - Disillusioned - 8
    150) Martin Delany - Charleston - 9
    151) Martin Delany - Betrayed - 10
    152) Martin Delany - Going Home - 11

    Martin Delany (Shorter Biography):
    153) Delany - 1
    154) Delany - 2

    SOCIAL FUN, CULTURE, SPORTS IN JEFFERSON COUNTY:

    155) Ben Franklin "Swims"

    The History of the Jefferson County Fair - 18th century to now:

    156) County Fair - 1
    157) County Fair - 2
    158) Whiskey Nation - 1800s - 1
    159) Whiskey Nation - 1800s - 2

    160) Ice Cream "Invented" - 1830-40

    161) Shannondale Springs - The Ring Tournament - Jousting Lives! - 1850s

    162) Shannondale Springs - The Ring Tournament and The Rest - 19th century

    163) Shepherdstown - May Day - 1850s

    164) Christmas Traditions Here

    165) Christmas Trees Come Here - 1850s

    166) Turkey-Hunting - 1862

    167) Charles Town - The Underground Cave and Lake - 1906 to now

    168) Shepherdstown - The Circus Comes to Town - 1880

    169) Shepherdstown - The Great Sleigh Ride - 1920

    170) Fishing and camping with Dad - 1920

    171) Shannondale - 1941: Charles Town Boys Scouts

    Charles Town - Horse-Racing - 1930s-1990s:
    172) Horse-Racing - 1
    173) Horse-Racing - 2
    174) Horse-Racing - 3
    175) Horse-Racing - 4
    176) Charles Town - Horse-Racing - 1959

    177) Sweet Dreams Movie(Patsy Cline Biopic) - 1985

    PEOPLE:

    178) Slugger Hack Wilson - 1930s

    179) A Star Is Born: Patsy Cline - 1950s

    Shepherdstown - Danske Dandridge - the garden muse and mysterious historian This video is called: "Immortal Essence." - 1854 - 1910:

    180) Danske - In Her Garden - 1
    181) Danske - The Morgans Grove Fair - 2
    182) Danske - "Oh Stevie!" - 3
    183) Danske - The unforgettable evening in the garden - 4
    184) Danske - Credits - 5

    THINGS THAT GO "BUMP":

    Middleway - The trouble of Wizards Clip prompted the Catholic Church's first house exorcism in North America - 18th century:
    185) Wizards Clip - 1
    186) Wizards Clip - 2
    187) Wizards Clip - 3
    Shepherdstown - 19th century
    188) Ghost stories from the town's newspaper editor

    Shepherdstown - 20th century
    189) The Ghost of Ike Stipp - 1
    190) The Ghost of Ike Stipp - 2

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